Rapid HIV tests: guidelines for use in HIV testing and counselling services in resource- constrained settings

This document reviews the characteristics of rapid HIV tests which make them suitable for HIV testing and counselling services and discusses practical aspects of their use. Consideration is given to counselling issues, the advantages of rapid tests and the precautions necessary in using them. Testing algorithms for the use of rapid tests and current WHO recommendations are presented. Although rapid HIV tests have been developed which use saliva and urine, this document concentrates on tests involving the use of whole blood, serum or plasma.

 

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Development of this site and the 2014 and 2017 revisions of the testing policies was supported by: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing