All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Term Definition

Polymerase chain reaction – a technique by which nucleic acid (cell genetic material) is amplified to detect the presence of particular and specific nucleic acid sequences 


Post-exposure prophylaxis


People living with HIV


Point-of-care testing


Positive predictive value: the probability that a person with a positive test result actually has the disease 

Predictive values

The predictive value of a test is a measure of the times that the value (positive or negative) is the true value. That is, the probability that a person has the disease being tested for. 

proviral DNA

Presence of proviral DNA indicates HIV has integrated into the host-cell genome



Development of this site and the 2014 and 2017 revisions of the testing policies was supported by: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing